Quran Juz / Part / Para - 10 Wa’lamu Summary

Quran Juz / Part / Para - 10 Wa’lamu Summary

Quran Juz Part Para - 10 Wa’lamu Summary

Quran Juz 10 – Wa’lamu Summary

• Surah Anfal continues in this Juz and talks about the spoils of war and its distributive methods.
• The Battle of Badr is mentioned once again.
• In this battlefield, the land on which the polytheists of Makkah had had stationed was a smooth plain. They also had water at their end. In contrast, the land where the Muslims had camped was very sandy, which posed difficulty to walk on; availability of water was scarce too. Despite these foundational difficulties, Allah granted victory to Muslims, so that the Muslims at and the polytheists at Badr who fought the war, and the rest of the world till the end of times can adjudge who was on the right path. 
• Following are the Quranic principles of gaining Allah’s support are being mentioned, they are:
1. Steadfastness.
2. Abundant remembrance (dhikr) of Allah.
3. Refrainment from internal conflicts.
4. Observation of patience during inconvenient times against the enemy.
The Divine Rule: The defeat at Badr brought disgrace to the Quraishi polytheists of Makkah. If any nation slips into disobedience rather than thankfulness, and injustice rather than obedience (of Allah), then it has been Allah’s rule to also change the situation of that community and involve it into calamities so that they can retrospect.
The secret of any nation’s rise or fall: Then the indisputable rule of nations’ rise and fall is being mentioned: Allah does not bring downfall to any nation unless it degrades itself (in terms of everything: manners, justice, political system, trade & commerce, economics, etc.).
Shaytan’s escape from Badr: Shaytan was present in human form at Badr during the combat, in the form of Suraqah bin Maalik. He was provoking the disbelievers to fight. But when he saw Sayyiduna Jibraeel (alaihissalam) descend with 3000 (three thousand) angels, he started to escape. When the disbelievers asked him, he said: “I see what you cannot see. I am afraid of Allah, and His grip is very intensely tough.”
• Allah asked to deal strictly with those people who break agreements. 
• Muslims were advised to prepare for Badr on these lines:
1. Materially (through wealth etc.)
2. Militarily
3. Spiritually
• Verse 72 talks about maintaining hearty relations with those who love Allah and believe in Him.
Surah Taubah: This chapter talks about the acceptance of the Taubah (repentance) of those three sincerely companions who did not come forward in a Ghazwah.
• The Basmalah is not read before reciting this Surah.
• It declares that Prophet Muhammed ﷺ gave his due right by introducing Allah’s commands (Islam) to humanity.
• This Surah also exposed the true character of the then hypocrites who were soft deniers of Zakah and combats for defending Islam.
• Allah the Exalted advised Muslims to love Allah, His Prophet ﷺ, and the struggle in the way of Allah, more than the love of materialistic things of this world.
• It is being mentioned that Muslims, since the beginning, despite being few in numbers, struggled in the way of Allah through persistence and by seeking Allah’s help.
• However, in Hunain the Muslims outnumbered the disbelievers. Somehow, they felt superior. But the archers of the opponents scattered them. It was due to the persistence of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ that they all assembled again.
• Verse 40 talks about the virtue of Sayyiduna Abu Bakr Siddiq (ra), for his sacrifice and proactive support for Prophet Muhammed ﷺ.
• The chieftain of hypocrites Abdullah bin Ubayy was involved in deep enmity with Prophet Muhammed ﷺ. But when he died, Prophet Muhammed ﷺ didn’t take even a second’s time to lead his funeral prayer. Sayyiduna Umar bin Khattab (ra) kept on questioning Prophet Muhammed ﷺ, as if he didn’t want our prophet ﷺ to lead the funeral prayers. 

Allah revealed the verse which said that even if the prophet ﷺ prayed for Abdullah bin Ubayy for 70 times, he will not be forgiven. Prophet Muhammed ﷺ said about this revelation to Sayyiduna Umar (ra), but also said told him that if Allah were to forgive Ibn Ubayy if he prayed for the 71st time, he would still pray for his forgiveness. (Allahu Akbar!)

Reference: Aaina Mazameen Qur’an (originally Urdu) by Maulana Afroz Quadri, South Africa.

Its English translation is being produced under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Syed Aleem Ashraf Jaisi (Allah protect him), HoD Arabic, MANU University; President, The Qur’an Foundation, Hyd., Ind.

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