Quran Juz / Part / Para - 27 Qala Fama Khatbukum Summary in English

Quran Juz / Part / Para - 27 Qala Fama Khatbukum Summary in English language

Quran Juz Part Para 27 Qala Fama Khatbukum Summary in English

Juz 27 - Qala Fama Khatbukum Summary in English

· This Juz commences with the conversation between Sayyiduna Ibraheem (alaihissalam) and the two angels which had come to destroy the people of Sayyiduna Loot (alaihissalam).
· When asked about their mission, the two angels revealed it to Sayyiduna Ibraheem (a.s.).
· When the angels moved on and destroyed the people of Sayyiduna Loot (a.s.) who were sodomites, only Sayyiduna Loot’s (a.s.) house remained intact, as only his family was obedient to Allah. Rest all were razed to ground.
· Below are the reasons for the destruction of other people:
1. Firawn and his people: Political power and riches made Firawn and his people go astray; they called Sayyiduna Musa (alaihissalam) sorcerer and insane (astaghfirullah).
2. The people of Aad had forgotten Allah, and rather than thanking Allah for their physical strength and energy, they started comparing and challenging others to compete with them in power. Allah sent upon them a cursed wind which destroyed everything.
3. The people of Thamud also transgressed Allah’s command and got destroyed.
4. Before all the aforementioned peoples, the people of Sayyiduna Nooh (alaihissalam) perished due to their sins.
· A verse which let many people including scientists accept Islam: In the verse 47 Allah says that He created sky, which keeps on expanding every single second. Scientists discovered this in the 20th century. They also keep on discovering new galaxies.
· The end of this chapter consists of the famous verse which talks about the reason Allah created humans and genies – that is for them to worship Allah.
· At the same time, it has also been said that Allah is the sustainer of all the creations, and that the punishment of Allah is very severe for those who disbelieve.
· Surah Toor: The chapter begins with the piece of information that once Allah decides to punish, nothing can defer it. When Allah sends his punishment, the skies and the mountains tremble.
· Then it is being told that the people of Heaven will enjoy peace and Allah’s blessings.
· The people of Heaven will get spouses, workers, and great food, apart from getting whatever they’ll wish for.
· The dwellers of Heaven will talk to each other and recollect their advice and warnings which they had given their children on earth about sinning, going astray and being sent to Hell as a consequence. They’ll thank Allah for saving them from the Fire of Hell.
· Then Allah asks the deniers of the Supreme Control of Allah if people were sent to the world without any purpose, or if they are gods of their own? Did they create the Heavens and the earth? Do they own and control the Divine Treasure? Or do they have a ladder through which they climb up to the skies to listen to the heavenly news? After asking these questions, Allah asks them to prove it if their answer is positive (which is obviously not the case).
· Surah Najam: The first 18 verses of this chapter deals with the Me’raj (ascension) of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ to the skies, the special blessings which he ﷺ received and whatever Allah revealed on him ﷺ.
· Among the signs of the deniers of the Hereafter is, Allah says, they used to call angels as Allah’s daughters (astaghfirullah). Allah said that they just follow their illusions.
· An important code of human life: Allah mentions that a human gets what he strives for and works hard for, and everyone is responsible for his actions and deeds.
· Finally, after a brief mention of the previous nations, Allah says that destruction of any nation is not their financial loss, but deprivation of Imaan (belief in Allah), disorderly behavior & lifestyle with regards to the commands of Allah, and moral degradation.
· Surah Qamar: Allah starts the chapter by saying that the Hour has come close as the moon has split into two.
· Splitting of the moon was the well-known miracle of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ which he performed by signaling the moon to split with his finger to. This was shown to the polytheists of Makkah so that they could heed.
· The polytheists of Makkah used to believe that magic doesn’t work on celestial objects. So, they wanted our beloved prophet ﷺ to perform his miracle on the moon, which if he did, they would accept Islam. However, they turned their backs and didn’t accept Islam. Allah says that no matter what miracle is shown to them, they’ll not accept the truth. They told that (Sayyiduna) Muhammed’s ﷺ magic worked even in the skies (astaghfirullah).
· The splitting of the moon took place 8 years after the declaration of prophethood. The happening of this event was truth, as nobody in that era ever challenged it. Moreover, Allah called it one of the signs of the Hour, so it was not an optical illusion.
· In this chapter, Allah asks people 4 times if anyone seeks guidance.
· Allah says that He has made Quran simple. This means it is easy to recite, memorize, gain guidance, and follow it.
· The chapter ends with the mention of the polytheists running one day (which happened in Badr), and the virtues of the people of piety (Taqwa).
· Surah Rahman: The disbelievers and the polytheists used to say that someone teaches the Quran to Prophet Muhammed ﷺ secretly.
· Allah said that it is Rahman (one of the Attributes of Allah) who taught Qur’an to Prophet Muhammed ﷺ. He the Exalted is the one who created this perfect man in Prophet Muhammed ﷺ. He the Glorious taught him ﷺ the art of expression.
· The leading Quranic interpreters and exegetes stated that _al-Bayan_ means whatever existed and whatever will come into existence.
· Then Allah mentions that the sun and the moon are on their dedicated path; the trees and the plants of all species too are bound by His system and prostrate Him alone.
· Allah raised the skies, and created the system of justice, hence it must be followed.
· Allah created earth in a way that all the living creatures can live on it easily.
· Allah created fragrant flowers, fruits, and other items of feed.
· Then Allah asks all the humans and genies which all blessings from Him will they deny (Allah asks this question 31 times in the entire chapter)?
· Apart from mentioning the worldly blessings in this chapter, Allah also mentions the blessings and punishments in the hereafter.
· The chapter ends with the mention of the blessed Attributes and Names of Allah.
· Surah Waqiah: The theme of this chapter is life after death, resurrection on the Day of Judgement.
· Upon waking up from their graves, few people will be honored, while others will face humiliation & disgrace.
· Humans and genies will be divided into three groups:
1. The people of happiness and goodness who will enter Heaven (As’hab ul Maimanah).
2. The people of sins who will enter Hell (As’hab ul Mash’amah).
3. The people who excelled in piety and goodness (As’sabiqoon al-Muqarraboon).
· Some details about the aforementioned people are then given.
· Then Allah talks about his Control on nature: the growth of crops, trees, and the rainfall. Then Allah asks humans to keep on glorifying Him (for their good).
· Surah Hadeed: Hadeed means iron.
· The initial part of the chapter talks about the degrees/classes/grades among the companions of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ according to their virtues.
· The most virtuous was the group which accepted immediately after the noble prophet ﷺ declared prophethood, until the count became 40.
· Then the ones who accepted Islam before and after the migration (Hijrah), followed by the ones who were present in the Battle of Badr – Allah announced special rewards and forgiveness to those who participated in Badr.
· Then there are the companions who were present during the Treaty of Hudaibiyya, then the Liberation of Makkah.
· This doesn’t mean that anyone coming after them can raise questions on the faith of the sahaba who attained this title later.
· Verse 12 in this chapter talks about the believing men and women, their glory on the Day of Judgement. A light will emit from them which will illuminate their sides. They will hear the good news of gaining access to Heaven.
· Then the hypocrite men and women will ask the believing men and women to see them so that they can avail some light from them. But the believers and the hypocrites will be segregated with a wall.
· Iron symbolizes strength. Allah talks about iron in verse 25 of this chapter. He says that it has a fierce force which is apt for making weaponry. It also has multiple other benefits for people (everyone agrees that it is used in multiple industries etc.).
· Allah then mentions Sa’daatuna Nooh and Ibraheem (alaihuma assalam).
· Sayyiduna Isa (alaihissalam) and the book which was revealed on them (Injeel – the unchanged Bible) is also mentioned. Allah mentioned the traits of his true followers and promised a great reward. Apart from this, Allah also invited the true Christians toward the teachings of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ, and in this way, they will attain great blessings of the Divine.

Reference: Aaina Mazameen Qur’an (originally Urdu) by Maulana Afroz Quadri, South Africa.

Its English translation is being produced under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Syed Aleem Ashraf Jaisi (Allah protect him), HoD Arabic, MANU University; President, The Qur’an Foundation, Hyd., Ind.

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