Quran Juz / Part / Para - 15 Sub’hanalladhi Summary in English

Quran Juz / Part / Para - 15 Sub’hanalladhi Summary in English language

Quran Juz Part Para - 15 Sub’hanalladhi Summary in English language

Juz 15 - Sub’hanalladhi Summary in English

• *Surah Isra/Bani Israel:* This chapter talks about the night journey of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ toward the Heavens (Isra & Meraj), an honor that no one else other than our beloved Prophet Muhammed ﷺ received. Isra was the beloved’s ﷺ journey from Makkah to Jerusalem, and Meraj was that from Jerusalem to the Heavens.
• This chapter also mentions in detail many incidents of Bani Israel.
• Allah’s wisdom behind taking Prophet Muhammed ﷺ to Jerusalem was to grant him and his followers the custodianship of Masjid al-Aqsa, just like that of Masjid al-Haraam in Makkah. 
• Though this chapter is themed at Tawheed, morals, affirmation of the Doomsday, but it also focuses on messengership, and particularly in that of Prophet Muhammed’s ﷺ.
• The first verse states that Glorified is He (Allah), the One Pure from any defect or weakness, who took His “Abd” (slave - Prophet Muhammed ﷺ) from Masjid Haraam to Masjid Aqsa in a portion of the night.
• The Arabic word _Abd_ has been used in this verse which denotes body and spirit collectively. Thus Quran proves that Isra & Meraj wasn’t a mere spiritual journey, nor was it a dream of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ. And if it was a dream, He the Exalted wouldn’t have used the word “took” his slave to Masjid Aqsa.
• Allah states that spiritual and material blessings are widespread in Masjid Aqsa (and its compound), as it is not just a land of gardens, fruits, and trees; but is also the place of revelation for angels, and had been the same for prophets (meaning many prophets came there).
• The next verse says that Isra & Meraj was a parameter to gauge who was a believer or a disbeliever, and this can obviously be set as such when the said travel was bodily. Else anyone can see anything in a dream, rather weirder than this, and nobody calls a dream a lie, as did the polytheists of Makkah then upon listening about this sacred journey.
• More details of Isra are mentioned in Surah Najm and hadiths.
• During this journey Prophet Muhammed ﷺ led all the previous prophets and messengers in Masjid Aqsa, and the Divine wisdom behind this is our beloved ﷺ is not just the leader of those who were to follow him (the Ummah), but also the ones who had passed away. 
• The next morning, Abu Jahl asked Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (ra) if it was possible for someone to go to and return from Jerusalem from Makkah. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (ra) said it is not possible. Then Abu Jahl told him what Prophet Muhammed ﷺ said about Isra & Meraj. Sayyiduna Abu Bakr (ra) said that if the prophet ﷺ has said so, then it is true. 
• The next verses talk about the warning that Allah gave to Bani Israel that if they spread destruction in Syria, they will be punished. However, for the first time when they opposed the Torah and unjustly killed prophets like Sayyiduna Shuaib (alaihissalam), Allah set behind them Nebuchadnezzar II and his army which spread throughout the lands of Bani Israel and killed its leaders and scholars, killed people in Jerusalem and made Bayt al-Maqdis a deserted place, and took with them many Israelis by arresting them. 
• The second time the corruption and destruction of the Israelis became widespread when they killed Sayyiduna Zakariyyah and Sayyiduna Yahya (alaihuma assalam). They transgressed by doing so. Then Allah set behind them another king who destroyed the Israelis. 
• During the time of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ too, Jews deceived treacherously by breaching agreements. 
• It has been the Rule of Allah to destroy the rebellious and those who cross their limits, and to grant spiritual and political leadership to the nation who follows Allah’s commands. 
• Verse 13 talks about fate and the hereafter.
• The next verses talk about morals: to deal with parents kindly, to bear good conduct, being good to the family members and the needy, etc. 
• Allah also ordered for the refrainment of murder & adultery, consumption of the (financial & material) resources of orphans, breach of agreement. He the Exalted ordered to be fair in weighing commercial goods, to cross verify any news before forwarding them further, and instructed humanity to abstain from arrogance. 
• Verse 78 signals 5 times prayers a day.
• Quran is a means of mercy and healing for the Muslims.
• The Jews questioned Prophet Muhammed ﷺ about _Ruh_. Allah said that they are not eligible to know it. This also shows that one need not necessarily know about those aspects which do not concern his/her salvation and guidance in the hereafter and in the earthly life respectively. 
• Few verses from the verse 90 talk about the demands which the polytheist of Makkah kept in front of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ to prove his messengership. 
• In the next verses Allah says that all the humans and the genies collectively cannot bring a verse equal to that of the Holy Quran.
• The dialogue between Sayyiduna Musa’s (alaihissalam) and Firawn is the mentioned, and the downfall of Firawn.
• The last verse says that Allah neither has children nor is anyone included with Him in His Dominion. He doesn’t need any helper, whereas the entire universe is in need of His Help.
• *Surah Kahf:* Kahf means cave, denoting the one which the believers from the previous Ummah took shelter in.
• The theme of Surah Kahf is Imaan (belief) vs materialism – all the incidents, indications and examples signal the same. 
• This chapter is specially related to the giving protection during the last days on earth, especially against the trials and temptations of Dajjal.
• Prophet Muhammed ﷺ said that the one who recites the last ten verses of Surah Kahf will remain protected from Dajjal.
• The initial verses of this chapter glorify Allah.
• 9th verse on state the People of the Cave. They were pious young men; their people were involved in polytheism; their king was an oppressor. Their people went against them, so they took refuge in a cave. A dog followed them. 
• When they reached the cave, the dog sat at its entrance. Allah slipped them (the men and the dog) into a deep slumber. 
• They slept for 300 years (309 years as per lunar calendar). When they woke up, they felt hungry. They sent one of their men to a nearby town to purchase some eatables. 
• The shop owner saw old coins which were given unknowingly by the pious men from the cave. He escalated the issue and handed him to their “police”. 
• That place was ruled by a Muslim king who believed in life after death. Secretly, he used to pray to Allah to show him a miracle so that he could guide his people towards truth.
• When the king figured out the truth, he became delighted, and his men constructed a Masjid on the site of the grave. 
• This incident also tells us how easy it is for Allah to wake up people from their graves in the hereafter.
• From verse 32, there’s a mention of a poor believer and a rich disbeliever. 
• The believer advised the disbeliever to recite “MashaAllah La Hawla Wala Quwwata Illa Billah” when he entered his gardens. The high-class disbeliever arrogantly replied that his wealth and riches is all because of his hard work, and that he doesn’t care about the Doomsday (Qiyamah).
• The poor guy tried to explain the rich one, but the latter didn’t heed. Eventually, all of his gardens were destroyed, and he couldn’t do anything.
• The next verses give us a learning of using the word “inshaAllah” (meaning “if Allah Wills”) when intending to do any permissible task in future.
• The next story is an interesting one of Sayyiduna Musa’s meet with Sayyiduna Khidr (alaihuma assalam), which will be covered in the next part, inshaAllah.

Reference: Aaina Mazameen Qur’an (originally Urdu) by Maulana Afroz Quadri, South Africa.

Its English translation is being produced under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Syed Aleem Ashraf Jaisi (Allah protect him), HoD Arabic, MANU University; President, The Qur’an Foundation, Hyd., Ind.

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