Quran Juz / Part / Para - 24 Faman Adhlamu Summary in English

Quran Juz / Part / Para - 24 Faman Adhlamu Summary in English language

Quran Juz Part Para 24 Rubama Summary in English language

Juz 24 - Faman Adhlamu Summary in English

• At the start of this Juz, Allah talks about two types of characters:
1. The first is that of the one who lies about Allah and denies the truth. Such will enter Hell.
2. The second is that of the one who always speaks truth about Allah, and whenever he encounters truth, he not just accepts it but supports it. Such a person is a _Muttaqi_ (Godfearing); Allah will forgive all of his sins and everything that he craved will be presented to him in Heaven. 
• Allah calls slumber as temporary death; though He says that He takes away the souls during sleep and death, this action is prolonged on the ones who die. A lesson can thus be learnt by those who ponder. 
• Verses 49 onwards talk about the human tendencies wherein a person calls Allah while in pain and suffering but forgets thanking Him while attaining blessings from Him. All those who did so in the past were punished, and all those who do or will do so will also be punished. 
Allah’s special offer for disbelievers and sinners: Verse 53 states that Allah keeps His doors of mercy open for disbelievers & sinners, and calls them to repent and turn toward Himself. So, they should always be optimistic with regards to their feelings and approach toward Allah.
• Similarly, Allah also promised forgiveness to Muslims who repent sincerely after going astray. 
Surah Mu’min/Ghafir: This chapter talks about the truthfulness and fearless voice of a person, and one of the attributes of Allah which is to forgive sins. 
• The start of the chapter speaks about the Holy Quran as a miracle of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ, which still is a witness to his messengership despite centuries passing by. 
• Verse 7 states that the angels which hold the Throne, and are around it, glorify Allah, and pray for the forgiveness of those who repent. 
• The next few verses talk about the disbelievers and their abode in the hereafter. 
• Then the episode takes us back to the times of Sayyiduna Musa (a.s.) whose opposers said that they opposed him due to him changing people’s religion, and creating corruption on earth (astaghfirullah)!
• During this time, when Sayyiduna Musa (a.s.) prayed to Allah for help, one of the most influential men from Firawn’s family rose up, accepted Islam secretly, and declared his open support to Sayyiduna Musa by ignoring all the national, social, and political protocols, and said: “Are you willing to kill a person who calls you toward Allah and has clear signs and miracles?” But Firawn didn’t heed. He remained firm on his verdict to kill Sayyiduna Musa (a.s.). If we take a look at today’s dictators, they act similarly. They deem their words to be the final statement. We also have such imposers ruling over the Muslim lands today, who do not even consider consulting Islamic scholars on any matter. 
• The defender of Sayyiduna Musa (a.s.) said: “O my people! Think over this – you rule over these lands today, but if Allah’s torment comes on us, then who will save us from it?” Finally, he said this in a sad tone: “You’re not heeding me today, but a day will come when you’ll recall my words, but repentance at that time will not benefit you. I leave everything on Allah.”
• However, Allah saved him and destroyed Firawn and his army.
• Then the Quran talks about the mutual fight amongst the sinners. They will seek at least a day’s parole from Hell, but their request will be turned down.
• It is sufficient for a human to consider his own creation to know Allah. Every human goes through multiple phases as an embryo. And when he is born, he is utmost weak, with no sense of anything. Then Allah strengthens him and gives him wisdom and understanding during adulthood, then Allah returns him to old age which brings to him weaknesses again. Then death takes him over, but that is not it. He is given life again so that he can undergo the remaining stages in the hereafter. 
Surah Fussilat/Sajdah: The start of the chapter mentions different sarcastic reasons the disbelievers give to not accept Islam.
• Allah mentions that a few nations still do not believe in Him despite seeing the nature that He created, which has hidden signs of Him. 
• Next verses again talk about the nations of Aad and Thamood. (These nations are being mentioned in the Quran again and again so as to keep a human alert again and again and he doesn’t follow their footsteps of disobedience).
• Verses 19 onwards talk about the time on the Day of Judgement when the body parts of the deniers of Allah will give statements against them to Allah. It also narrates the dialogue between them and their body parts. (Refer to the Quran for more).
Good news for the believers: Glad tidings are being given to the believers when they die. Their spirit will ascent upon heavens only to be welcomed by angels who will tell the spirits neither to worry nor to be sorrowful of anything. The spirits will then be told that Allah has arranged a feast for them in Heavens, and everything that they will wish for will be present right away. 
A unique advice from Allah: Verse 24 says that good and evil cannot be equal. Allah advised us to try to return evil with goodness. Thus, a time will come when the opponents become close friends and supporters. 
• Allah said in the verse 39 that the celestial bodies like sun and the moon are the signs of Allah. So He asked us to look into it as a sign, rather than being taken as gods. 

Reference: Aaina Mazameen Qur’an (originally Urdu) by Maulana Afroz Quadri, South Africa.

Its English translation is being produced under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Syed Aleem Ashraf Jaisi (Allah protect him), HoD Arabic, MANU University; President, The Qur’an Foundation, Hyd., Ind.

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