Quran Juz / Part / Para - 12 Wamā Min Dābbatin Summary

Quran Juz / Part / Para - 12 Wamā Min Dābbatin Summary

Quran Juz Part Para - 12 Wamā Min Dābbatin Summary

Juz 12 – Wamā Min Dābbatin Summary

• Surah Hud begins at the end of Juz 11, whose theme revolves round messengership and its universality.  
• Apart from mentioning other prophets, the chapter also mentions the tribe of Aad, and the prophet sent to them – Sayyiduna Hud (alaihissalam).
• The initial verses talk about Allah being responsible for the sustenance of every living being. Everybody’s resting place on earth, and their graves are recorded in the Protected Tablet (Lawh Mahfudh).
• Allah stated that the intention for humanity’s creation is to test them in goodness and evil.
• Allah talks about those who do not be thankful to Allah upon receiving His blessings, but quickly turns ungrateful and hopeless upon being deprived of the same.
• Subsequently, upon receiving a blessing after an affliction, Allah says, a human brags about it, He the Exalted says there is forgiveness and a great reward for those who be patient & thankful, and perform good deeds in every situation.
• Allah the Exalted consoled Prophet Muhammed ﷺ when the polytheists of Makkah asked him why a treasure wasn’t revealed upon him, and why doesn’t an angel come to him to side with him against the Makkan polytheists etc. But Allah told our beloved ﷺ that his job was to warn them which he did, and that he need not focus on their baseless arguments.
• Verse 8 talks about the good and the bad deeds, and the humanity being raised again on the Day of Judgement for being held accountable.
• Again in this chapter, Allah challenges the deniers of Quran being Allah’s word, to produce one verse as that of Quran’s, only to convey to them that this is the Word of Allah, no work can equal it.
• This Juz specifically talks about those disobedient nations who denied following the prophets.
• When Sayyiduna Nuh (alaihissalam) called his nation toward Tawheed, they coined him a common human being, just like them, and considered Sayyiduna Nuh’s (a.s.) followers as degraded people in their society. They called him a liar (astaghfirullah).
• His nation used to worship the idols named Wadd, Suwa, Yaghooth, Yaooq, and Nasr. When Sayyiduna Nuh (a.s.) awakened it from idolatry, they all made fun of him.
• After enormous efforts when Sayyiduna Nuh (a.s.) realized that nobody else will accept his call to Allah, he supplicated: “O Allah! I have been overcome, help me.” 
• Allah accepted his dua and ordered him to make an ark and take with him all his followers (believers in Allah). 
• When Sayyiduna Nuh (a.s.) did so, Allah rained water from the sky, and also ordered the earth to spew water from itself. Winds blew as well.
• All of these natural events took grip of all the disbelievers, including the son of Sayyiduna Nuh (a.s.)
• Allah’s orders came to the skies and the earth for the stoppage of the calamity, and the Ark of Nuh (a.s.) halted at Mount Judi (in current day Turkey).
• Sayyiduna Nuh (a.s.) prayed to Allah: “O My Lord, my son was a part of my family, (and your promise is to save my family), and certainly Your Promise is true.”
• In the next verse Allah says: “O Nuh, he is not from your family because his actions were not righteous.”
• This tells us that lineage, ancestry, nationality, doesn’t work unless a person is a believer, and his actions are sound, and as expected by Allah. 
• Then Allah mentions about the Tribe of Aad, which considered itself a superpower. They were a huge people. So, they claimed that none were as powerful as themselves.
• Sayyiduna Hud (alaihissalam) was sent to them, but they never heeded to him. 
• Extremely strong winds then blew and destroyed the Tribe of Aad.
• Then Allah mentions about the Tribe of Thamud.
• Allah sent Sayyiduna Saleh (alaihissalam) to them, but they all asked for a miracle.
• When Sayyiduna Saleh (a.s.) prayed to Allah, a mountain split, and a she-camel appeared from it. It delivered a baby right after its emergence.
• It was a huge miracle, but the people of Thamud cut the she-camel’s legs, then killed it.
• A loud and harsh piercing cry was heard which blew the disbelievers and the wrongdoers.
• The chapter then mentions Sayyiduna Ibraheem and Sayyiduna Lut (alaihuma assalam) from verse 69.
• Allah sent two angels in human form to Sayyiduna Ibraheem (a.s.), who then slaughtered a lamb to host them food.
• When the table was prepared, Sayyiduna Ibraheem (a.s.) noticed that the visitors were not interested in the food.
• When Sayyiduna Ibraheem (a.s.) expressed his concern, the visitors told him that they were angels, on their way to destroy the people of Lut (a.s.), and have stopped by to give him the glad tidings of a son name Is’haq and a grandson named Yaqoob (alaihuma assalam).
• Verses 77 on discuss the people of Sayyiduna Lut (a.s.). They were homosexual men. When Sayyiduna Lut (a.s.) stopped them of this indecency, they didn’t listen. 
• Sayyiduna Lut (a.s.) asked Allah to keep him and his family safe from this evil act.
• Allah then sent the two angels to destroy the people of Lut (a.s.)
• When they reached Sayyiduna Lut’s (a.s.) place, they were in the form of two handsome men. When Sayyiduna Lut (a.s.) saw them, he thought that the men from his nation would make them too an object of their lust.
• The angels understood this concern of Sayyiduna Lut (a.s.) toward them, and consoled him that his people cannot harm them. 
• The angels rose the area in their wings and threw it back on earth, and stoned it completely.
• Allah then mentions the people of Madyan (Sayyiduna Shuaib’s people) from verse 84 on. They were involved in polytheism and charging unreasonably high rates of profits.
• When Sayyiduna Shuaib (alaihissalam) tried to rectified them, they said that they wouldn’t need a religion which can’t even let them do business.
• Allah imposed on them the same punishment as He inflicted on the people of Thamud (the violent sound blast).
• Allah then says that the ones who stop people from evil remain safe from His punishments.
• In the final verses of this chapter Allah says that He is narrating these incidents so that the believers can take heed and learn from the past incidents and save themselves.
• *Surah Yusuf:* The only incident which is narrated in this chapter is that of Sayyiduna Yusuf’s (a.s.)
• The stories of other messengers and prophets are narrated all over the Quranic chapters, but the complete story of Sayyiduna Yusuf is mentioned in this single chapter, to which Allah called the “Best of the Stories” as it has:
1. Religiosity
2. Tawheed (oneness of Allah)
3. Character
4. Interpretation of dreams
5. Politics and governance
6. Human psychology
7. Strategies for economic prosperity
8. Beauty, attraction, asceticism, and piety.
9. The mention of prophets and the pious.
• Another great aspect of this chapter that it sketched the then present and future of Prophet Muhammed ﷺ and his opposition.

Reference: Aaina Mazameen Qur’an (originally Urdu) by Maulana Afroz Quadri, South Africa.

Its English translation is being produced under the guidance of Prof. Dr. Syed Aleem Ashraf Jaisi (Allah protect him), HoD Arabic, MANU University; President, The Qur’an Foundation, Hyd., Ind.

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